According to the American Psychological Association, self-control is a key factor in determining whether or not a person can achieve their goals. Self-control means being able to express and cope with strong emotions in an appropriate way, and is essential for a child's learning and overall healthy development. Good self-control allows children to cooperate better with others, cope with setbacks and resolve conflicts reasonably. The experience of self-control continues throughout a person's life. Even infants and toddlers under the age of 3 can learn self-control skills through interaction with others and parental guidance, laying a good foundation for a lifetime of healthy growth.
Age 0-1: Start to learn how to manage feelings and behaviors
Babies are born with little self-control, with little awareness and little ability to control their emotional states or actions. But the process of developing self-control should begin in the first few months of life, when, with sensitive guidance from parents and caregivers, babies can begin to learn to manage their feelings and behaviors.
Keep yourself and your baby calm. When a baby feels loved, he feels calmer and more in control. At the beginning of life, the baby is very strange to everything and unable to express his emotions and needs in words, so he often shows a breakdown state of crying and making a lot of noise 39bet-đua chó-game giải trí -đá gà-đá gà trực tuyến-đánh bài. Parents should try to keep their children calm at this time. Different calming techniques are appropriate for different babies.
Some babies need a lot of physical contact, such as rocking or hugging; some prefer to be wrapped up or put down for a minute. The parents themselves must remain calm when the baby is out of control. This helps the baby feel safe and teaches the baby to calm down and calm down if he or she loses control.
Talk to your baby about acceptable behavior. A common mistake parents make is to only tell their children what not to do. In fact, pointing out and showing the child what he can do is more conducive to self-control development.
For example, if the baby throws the ball around at home, you can give him a wastepaper basket, let him throw it into it; or take the baby outside and show him where and how he can throw. If your baby pushes the button on the TV remote, put it out of his reach and give him a toy with a button instead. This helps the baby learn right and wrong and helps him develop his interests and needs in a socially acceptable direction as he grows up.
1-2 years: Increased sense of independence leads to a need for control
Children 1 to 2 years old have their own thoughts and strong ability to express emotions. "No" has become a mantra for many young children this age and a powerful way for them to declare their independence. On the other hand, it is easy to feel frustrated because there are still so many things they want to do that they cannot do. Consistent, regular routines can be especially useful at this age, giving children a sense of security when they feel out of control.
Give your child the opportunity to make choices. After 1 year of age, the child's sense of independence begins to increase. Accepting a child as an independent individual and giving him the right to choose is conducive to the formation of self-control and the foundation of a good parent-child relationship. An important way for parents to respect their children is by not making all the decisions for them. Giving children the opportunity to make their own decisions and choices, even at the age of 1 or 2, shows children that their parents trust them to make good decisions and, more importantly, helps them feel in control.
For example, let the child decide whether to play with Legos or puzzles, which of several storybooks to read, and which of two healthy snacks to eat. As far as is reasonably possible, let your child make his or her own choices. Guide your child through the decisions to make by asking him, "It's raining hard outside. What do you need to take to daycare today?" Instead of telling him to wear a raincoat or bring an umbrella.
Mark and identify your child's emotions and feelings. Letting the child know that his feelings are understood can help the child calm down and regain a sense of control. This does not mean that parents give in to any of their children's demands. When children have emotions, they can be named, identify emotions to help children understand their emotions, so as to learn to control their emotions. Say to your child, "I know you're upset about brushing your teeth before you go to bed, so let's read this story book together and see if we can calm down."
2-3 years old: Children need to learn to express their needs in the right way.
At this age, self-control is still weak, and the best response for parents is still to make their children aware of their feelings and to suggest acceptable ways of expressing themselves. As children grow up, they can be encouraged to think more and think of more correct ways to do things. For example, in addition to throwing the ball into the wastebasket, you can also throw the ball into the laundry basket instead of the wall. In this way, the child gradually learns to replace the unacceptable behavior with the acceptable behavior. This ability is crucial to a child's future self-control, proper behavior and academic success.
Let your child verbalize feelings and needs. Before the age of 1, children have extremely limited language skills and often have to cry to express their feelings and needs. Between the ages of 1 and 2, when a child's language skills have improved, parents should begin to guide the child to communicate with others using words rather than crying. After the age of two, children's language ability has been greatly improved. Parents should deliberately and consistently train their children to control their emotions. Tell children to talk, temper, cry, rolling, hitting people is not right, they also can not achieve their own purpose. When children talk well, parents should respond to their appeals in a timely manner and guide children to slowly learn to express their needs with language.
Help children understand others and learn to wait. Waiting helps children learn self-control and understand that others have needs, too. Keep your child waiting for anything from a short time to a long time. It's best to keep your child busy while you wait. In addition, children should learn to wait and share when playing with other children, so as to cultivate their patience and empathy. With parental guidance and lots of practice, children will be able to get along well with their peers and resolve conflicts in the future.
If in the first three years of life we can gradually learn to calm emotions, habits of thinking, understand, learn self-control, in the future of life on the road, children will be able to better grasp their own direction, more healthy growth and development.